According to the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova, everyone has the right for education. In Moldova, higher education is under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and other ministries. The academic year at Moldovan educational institutions generally begins in September and continues to May or early June. There is also a two-week winter break. The languages of instruction in Moldova are Romanian/Moldovan, Russian, and English. The grading scale runs from 1 to 10 and the grades have the following meanings: 1-4 is failure, 5-6 is passing, 7 is satisfactory, 8 is good, 9 is very good, and 10 is excellent.
Types of tertiary education programs and qualifications
In Moldova, according to the Law on Education, there are several types of post-secondary education programs:
Vocational training (Învăţământul secundar profesional şi învăţământul mediu de specialitate);
At the level of higher education, the following types of degrees are delivered:
For first cycle studies: Bachelor (Licenţă), Diploma in Medicine/Pharmaceutics
For the second cycle: Academic/Professional Master (Master)
Doctoral studies refer to post-university education and include the following degrees: PhD (Doctor), Doctor of Science (Doctor Habilitat).
Licensing, quality assurance and accreditation of institutions
Licenses for educational institutions are granted and withdrawn by the Licensing Board of the Ministry of Education. Any educational institution for which the license has been revoked may submit a new application for a license only three years after the date of the license withdrawal decision.
State and private educational institutions are subject to mandatory accreditation which includes two steps:
Licensing: granting the right to organize and conduct the educational process
Accreditation: granting all rights as stipulated by the law
Accreditation of a higher educational institution is requested after the first award of a given qualification degree. The basic criteria for accreditation of private educational institutions refer to the teaching staff, content of study programs and technical-material basis of the institution. According to the national requirement for accreditation, a higher education institution has to have at least 60 % full time employed staff.