Moldova is an integral part of Europe and has a rich history. The capital of Moldova is Chisianu. This country is situated in the contact zone between different cultural and historic areas – Carpathian-Balkan, Central-European and Eurasian, and during its multi-millennial history, it harmoniously absorbed diverse cultural traditions of Proto-Indo-Europeans and archaic Indo-European peoples, including Thracians, Slavs, Celts, Goths, Huns, etc., thus obtaining specific and unparalleled features. The territory of Moldova was populated from ancient times. Numerous archeological findings confirm the existence of human beings in these places since the epoch of the Lower Paleolithic (approximately 500 thousand years ago). In 1812, as a result of the Russian-Turkish Peace Treaty signed in Bucharest, the eastern part of Moldova situated between the Prut and Nistru rivers, named Bessarabia, was annexed to the Russian Empire, thus being a Russian province until 1918. On 27 August 1991, Republic of Moldova became an independent and sovereign State. The official language of Moldova is Romanian/Moldovan.
The culture of the Republic of Moldova is represented by a wide range of cultural activities: literature, theatre, music, fine arts, architecture, and more. Moldovan folklore has a strong basis of Dacian-Latin origin, and it embraces a system of popular beliefs and customs, which are specifically expressed in music and dance, oral poetry and prose, mythology, rites, popular theatre etc. There are many ethno-cultural associations in the Republic of Moldova. 18 minorities, such as Ukrainians, Russians, Bulgarians, Gagauz, Jews, Byelorussians, Poles, Germans, Roma, Greeks, Lithuanians, Armenians, Azeri, Tatars, Chuvash, Italians, Koreans, Uzbeks, have associations which operate under the form of communities, societies, unions, centers, cultural foundations, etc.
Although it has a small area, the Republic of Moldova as a tourist destination has a great potential represented first of all by the geomorphologic aspect of its territory – an unusual diversity of landscape reservations or scenery and unique geological monuments of European and world value. Over the last decade the main forms of tourism in the Republic of Moldova have been: rural, wine, culture, health and beauty tourism. The Republic of Moldova has a rich cultural heritage which may be of great interest to tourists. 140 cultural heritage sites may be included in the tourist itinerary. The earliest visible remains of the built heritage are Geto-Dacian sites and Roman fortifications. Vineyards also constitute attractions of the countryside. Over centuries, Moldova has gained rich traditions of growing grapes and producing wine. There are 142 wineries in the Republic of Moldova, of which 23 have experience and facilities to receive visitors.